TITLE OF THE PUBLICATION
“Dropout. Causes, solutions, statistics and European Union objectives”
SURNAME AND NAME OF AUTHOR(S)
PLACE AND DATE OF PUBLICATION
TYPE OF PUBLICATION
LANGUAGE OF THE DOCUMENT
LANGUAGE OF THE REVIEW
Identification of students’ at risk
DESCRIPTION OF CONTENTS
“Dropout. Causes, solutions, statistics and European Union objectives” is an article published on the "www.imparte.ro" portal. The article provide information regarding the dropout rate, how can be diminish it, statistics regarding the young people study leaving and lines of action to reach the aim. Also, there are presented aspects regarding the dropout in Romania and what can be done to prevent it.
In this way, the dropout rate established by the European Union is under 10% till 2020, and it will be realized by facilitating the access to education from ags, diminish the number of students with poor results and unexcused absences and school recovery by programs type „second chance”.
According with statistic data presented, 6 million of young people renounce annually at studies (meaning app. 14% from the total number of students)
In order to reach the aim of 10% dropout medium rate, there are presented 3 directions to act: prevention, intervention and compensation.
In the same article is shortly presented the situation about dropout in Romania, which is a serious problem and the prognosis show that this phenomenon will increase due the economic crisis.
In Romania, the dropout rate has increased in the last nine years. From this point of view, UNICEF assess in present the dropout, in order to assess the counties with the most high dropout rates.
In order to prevent and diminish the dropout, there are presented the actions that can be undertaken in our country: integration of students at risk and maintaining them in the education system, increasing the teachers’ accountability, reintegration of students already in abandonment, monitoring the state of the education system to prevent crises and periodic identify the modification regarding factors dropout.
In this context, there are mentioned some of the actions proposed by UNICEF experts to increase the attractiveness of the school.
Another thing which can be done is the use of experience those who have renounced at school, in order to prevent the decrease of trust in education.
There are identified and presented the factors that determine children to not go to school: family causes, community factors, factors that occur in schools, program “Effective solutions for dropout prevention” elaborated by Education Center 2000+ and UNICEF.
COMMENTS ON THIS PUBLICATION
“Dropout. Causes, solutions, statistics and European Union objectives” article, by the information provided, support all factors involved in education: students, parents, teachers, community representatives, policy makers. The article presents solutions offered by European Union member states, that are required to develop policies that cover the entire educational cycle, eliminating the factors that determine the dropout, solving early the problems arrised and offering a second chance to the young people that regrets the decisions at a time.
The actions that must be implemented in order to diminish the dropout are: improvement of the equal access to a high quality education from an early age, support for students learning, closer links with parents, flexible and personalized teaching methods, offering to students who have leaved school another chance to obtain a qualification.
The article outlines the economic crisis influence on growth of dropout rate.
In order to increase the school attractiveness, the UNICEF experts proposals are very useful to reach the aim proposed by the European Union, for example organization of extracurricular activities in school.
Particularly interesting is the proposal to use the experience of those who have left school in order to prevent decreasing confidence in education and fostering local and specialized NGOs to involve young students as volunteers, coming from communities at high risk of dropping support programs for the elderly and families in need.
Lines of action proposed in this article can be used by schools in developing action plans that lead to school dropout, so that Romania can achieve the target of the European Union in 2020.
Name of Compiler
Achihăiței Mihaela Cornelia
Name of Institution
Liceul “Alexandru cel Bun” Botoșani
Role in the institution